Machu Picchu Geography
|3 times and 2 Nights||Cusco, Machu Picchu|
|4 Days and 3 Nights||Cusco, Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley|
|5 Days and 4 Nights||Cusco, Koricancha, Sacsayhuaman, Puka Pukara and Tambomachay, Urubamba Valley, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Aguas Calientes|
|6 Days and 5 Nights||Cusco, Moray, Maras, Salinas, Aguas Calientes, Mandor, Putukusi, Wayna Picchu, Intipunku, Machu Picchu|
FAUNA Mammals include otter Lutra longicaudis, dwarf brocket deer Mazama chunyii, long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata, Pampas cat Felis colocolo and ocelot Felis pardalis. One of the most threatened species discovered inside the location is spectacled bear Tremarctos ornatus (V) (Jorgenson, 1982). The bird community includes Andean condor Vultur gryphus and Andean cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana. Low-altitude areas and agricultural industries tend to be characterised by the existence of hill caracaras Phalcobaenus megalopterus and Andean lapwing Vanellus resplendus, whilst red-backed hawk Buteo polysoma, United states kestrel Falco sparverius, speckled teal Anas flavirostris and Andean gull Larus serranus. Torrent duck Merganetta armata, white-capped dipper Cinclus leucocephalus and fasciated tiger-heron Tigrisoma lineatum are located in slim flow valleys tend to be connected with riverside woods. Species across the ruins feature black-tailed trainbearer Lesbia victoriae, white-winged black-tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus, tufted tit tyrant Anairetes alpinus, cinereous conebill Conirostrum cinereum, blue-capped tanager Thraupis cyanocephala and rufous-collared sparrow Zonotrichia capensis. In addition, a fresh species of wren Thryothorus has-been seen in the bamboo thickets (Parker et al., 1982). Snakes such as Boa sp. are present and there are numerous lizards and frogs within the damper areas.
CULTURAL HISTORY The park had been established to safeguard the landscape associated with the renowned Macchu Picchu archaeological web site, created by the Inca culture. It's thought that it absolutely was a royal Inca residence and had been probably the centre for gathering coca from surrounding plantations. The website fundamentally dropped into ruin, was covered by the encroaching woodland, and 'lost to technology' until re-discovery in 1911. There's also the remains associated with Inca Method in the region, and local legends, including compared to the spectacled bear, which can be considered to serve as a messenger amongst the spirits of high elevations and those of jungle (Anon, 1981).
LOCAL POPULATION a lot of the playground area is satisfied with many tiny campesino communities and facilities particularly regarding the reduced mountains. The first inhabitants had been competent in irrigation and built terraces and drainage which increase long distances across unusual surface. Agriculture (maize and barley) and livestock grazing (llamas, cattle and sheep) would be the prominent financial tasks and take place in over 20, 000ha associated with park. Your local economic climate can also be supportedby tourists browsing Inca ruins (MAA, 1981; Peyton, 1983). The nearby town of Cuzco was the Inca money but still stays an important town with over 105, 000 inhabitants. It's the administrative and commercial centre for a substantial an element of the Urubamba basin (INRENA, pers. comm., 1995).