Map of South America Peru
South America is linked to the united states at Isthmus of Panama, a region that's referred to as Central The united states. South usa can be found mostly within the Southern Hemisphere, though an element of the continent extends into the Northern Hemisphere.
South America is divided in to three major all-natural regions, every one of containing many subregions.
The Andes Mountains
Traversing the western coast of South America from north to south, the Andes are the longest continental selection of mountains worldwide, at about 7, 000 kilometers in length. The Andes run through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The Andes area was created houses numerous volcanoes, such as the planet's highest, Ojos del Salado.
The Highlands throughout the east side of the continent belong to the older geologic duration, around the same time once the Appalachian Highlands. The Highlands tend to be divided into two areas: the Guiana Highlands in north and the Brazilian Highlands within the south.
In the lowland basin involving the Eastern Highlands therefore the Andes Mountains, the flatlands are drained by the Amazon River and Paraguay-Parana River system. The Amazon flows through the equatorial evergreen forest, although the Paraguay-Parana basin addresses the fertile plains regarding the Pampas.