Tsunamis in Peru
The seas off the Peruvian coastline, have generated a few big and destructive tsunamis in the past 400 years. Tsunamis of this type of the world originate because of seismic activity associated with the Peru-Chile Trench, found about 100 - 200 kilometers from the Peruvian coastline. Only at that latitude, the Peru-Chile trench may be the site of subduction for the Nazca Plate under the South United states Plate. Much like others subduction zones worldwide, the severe compressive forces in the landward region of the trench create reverse faults inside crust for the over-riding plate. Motion along these reverse faults during earthquakes uplift large chapters of the ocean floor, which produces tsunamis. Happily, for the Peruvians, the subduction area off the Peruvian coastline is not as active as that of neighboring Chile, south; but large, tsunamigenic earthquakes do happen here.
Tectonic research, and historical earthquake data, suggest that area of the subduction area of f associated with south 50 % of Peru's shore is much more energetic, than to the north. As a result the majority of the huge, tsunamigenic earthquakes to strike Peru in past times, had been centered off of the south coast.
The historic tsunamis website link below, provides records of a number of the greatest and most destructive tsunamis created inside waters from the Peruvian coast. The 1868 Arica tsunami website link includes reveal account associated with tsunami as described by the captains of a few US Navy ships in interface during the time of the function. The 1996 Chimbote tsunami website link presents information gathered through the field survey conducted following this tsunami, and defines the event in more detail. Please select one of many three links below to find out more.