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Peru instruments

Andean Musical devices

Whereas most South US percussion and wind instruments date back to Inca or pre-Inca times, stringed instruments had been at first introduced because of the Spanish, though later on they might have now been adapted to regional conditions or products.

Charango:

This can be a tiny 10-stringed electric guitar most often played in Bolivia. The sound box of the tool is usually made from the layer of an armadillo, gives it a distinctive "voice".

Sampoña: this is actually the panpipe, generally siku in the Aymara language. The unusual feature of sampoñas usually a complementary pair is necessary to play a melody as each tool has only certain notes. Sampoñas are made and bound with reed.

Bombo:

This a big wood drum found through the Andes. It is hollowed right out of the trunk area of a tree, and is occasionally covered in animal skins.

Quena:

One of several earliest flutes in the Americas, the quena is a simple vertical flute with 5-6 finger-holes and thumb gap, but no mouthpiece. It may be made of reed, lumber, clay, metal-even from a condor's wing bone.

Various other devices include:
Pinkillos (flutes), cascabeles (bells), guacharaca (scraper), caja (snare drum), maracas (wood rattles), claves (harp) and concha (conch shell).

Source: projectperu.org.uk
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