Peru s Manu National Park

Manu National Park, Peru

Manú National Park

This huge 1.5 million-ha park features consecutive tiers of plant life increasing from 150 to 4, 200 m above sea-level. The tropical forest in the lower tiers is home to an unrivalled number of pet and plant types. Some 850 types of wild birds were identified and rare types like the giant otter in addition to giant armadillo additionally discover refuge here. Jaguars are often sighted in playground.

Parc national de Manú

Cet immense parc d'un million et demi d'hectares s'étage de 150 à 4 200 m, avec une variété de végétation correspondant aux diverses altitudes. Los angeles forêt tropicale des events les moins élevées abrite une diversité d'espèces animales et végétales sans égale. C'est ainsi que 850 espèces d'oiseaux y ont été dénombrées. Des espèces rares comme la loutre géante et le tatou géant y ont trouvé refuge, et le jaguar y est assez répandu.

منتزه مانو الوطني

يمتد هذا المنتزه الشاسع على مليون هكتار ونصف، يتراوح علوّ النباتات فيه بين 150 و4200 متر، وتتنوع فيها أنواع النبات بحسب ارتفاعها. كما تأوي الغابة الاستوائية في أقسامها الاقلّ ارتفاعًا أجناسًا مختلفة من الحيوانات والنباتات التي لا تُضاهى. فعلى سبيل المثال، تم احصاء 850 جنسًا من الطيور فيها، ومنها النادرة كالقُضاعة العملاق والارمديل العملاق التي وجدت مأوى لها في هذه الغابة، حتى الفهد تكثر فيها أعداده.

supply: UNESCO/ERI

玛努国家公园
Национальный парк Ману

Огромный парк площадью 1, 5 млн. га обладает самой разнообразной растительностью, которая охватывает высотные пояса от 150 м и до 4200 м над уровнем моря. В предгорных тропических лесах зафиксировано рекордное видовое разнообразие среди растений и животных. Здесь отмечены примерно 850 видов птиц, такие редкие животные как гигантская выдра и гигантский броненосец, часто встречается и ягуар.

Parque Nacional de Manú

Este inmenso parque de 1.500.000 hectáreas posee una gran variedad de vegetación estratificada entre 150 y 4.200 metros de altura. El bosque tropical de las zonas menos elevadas alberga una variedad incomparable de especies animales y vegetales. Se han identificado en él hasta 850 clases de pájaros. Algunas especies poco comunes como la nutria y el armadillo gigantes han encontrado refugio en este sitio, donde también se ha podido observar la presencia frecuente de jaguares.

マヌー国立公園
Nationaal playground Manú

Dit enorme playground ligt in de provincies Manu en Paucartambo en beslaat 1, 5 miljoen hectare found opeenvolgende lagen vegetatie die 150 tot 4.200 meter boven de zeespiegel uitstijgen. In het tropische woud – in de lagere delen van het park – komt een ongeëvenaarde verscheidenheid aan dier- en plantensoorten voor. De biologische diversiteit in het nationaal playground Manú is groter dan die van elk ander gebied op aarde. Er zijn ongeveer 850 soorten vogels geïdentificeerd en zeldzame diersoorten zoals de reuzenotter en het reuzengordeldier kunnen hier onbedreigd leven. Ook worden er vaak jaguars waargenomen in het gebied.

In The Manu River © Marc Patry
Outstanding Universal Value

Quick Synthesis

Manu nationwide Park is a globally celebrated sanctuary of terrestrial biodiversity on conference point of this Tropical Andes as well as the Amazon Basin in Southwestern Peru. As a massive, geographically and financially separated watershed, the nevertheless roadless property has-been spared from many peoples effects and it is hard to accessibility this day. The initially inscribed area had been extended to at least one, 716, 295 hectares last year, spanning the complete altitudinal gradient regarding the Eastern slope associated with the Andes from about 350 to above 4, 000 m.a.s.l. The in some places precipitous change includes large Andean Puna grasslands, mountain cloud forests, Yunga woodlands and lowland rainforest. Fed from numerous whitewater creeks when you look at the mountains, the Manu River meanders through lowland forests, before it joins the mighty Madre de Dios River on Southern edge of the home. As evidenced by Incan and Pre-Incan ruins and petroglyphs, there clearly was a lengthy history of native occupation. The local legend of Paititi, according to which the "Lost City for the Incas" is found within what exactly is today the house, has lured scientists and adventurers alike. Today, numerous native peoples will be the only permanent inhabitants. Many of them tend to be inactive and in regular connection with the “modern world”, while others maintain a semi-nomadic life style as hunter-gatherers in so-called "voluntary separation" or “initial contact”, correspondingly.

The immense selection of Manu National Park regarding altitude, microclimate, soils as well as other environmental conditions causes a complex mosaic of habitats and markets. There is certainly an easy spectrum of plant communities, ranging from the seemingly homogenous but extremely diverse Andean grasslands to a variety of mainly pristine forest types. Quotes of plant variety range between 2, 000 and 5, 000, with boffins also assuming quite a bit greater numbers. Files of fauna are likewise impressive with more than 1000 vertebrate species, including at the least 200 types of mammals and much more than 800 species of wild birds. Among the mammals would be the large Otter, 13 different types of primates and eight felids, including Jaguar, Puma in addition to elusive and endangered Andean hill Cat. The number of quotes in a variety of taxonomic categories of fauna and flora illustrates exactly how little is famous, let-alone recognized concerning the diversity of life into the residential property. When you look at the medium and long term advancements when you look at the environments of Manu nationwide Park such gas extraction and road construction may affect the still mostly pristine residential property in several means. Cautious preparation and administration is needed to stabilize development needs using integrity of a global conservation treasure.

Criterion (ix): Manu National Park has actually an extraordinary location during the meeting point associated with Tropical Andes plus the Amazonian lowland forests. The huge altitudinal gradient features favoured an incredibly broad range of environmental conditions and also the advancement of very diverse types and ecological communities. The landscape diversity ranges from large Andean grasslands to various woodlands types, including pristine montane cloud forests and rich lowland rainforest. The combination of geography, environmental problems and separation have actually allowed the almost undisturbed and ongoing advancement of a fantastic variety of life anyway levels and a higher amount of endemism. As well as the diversity of life, Manu nationwide Park can also be known for an unusually large abundance of fauna across numerous taxonomic groups.

Source: whc.unesco.org
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